do them? Crunches and sit-ups train your abdominal muscles, building strength
into your core and giving you better balance and flexibility.
beginners, start with your back flat on the ground and raise one knee to your
chest, sitting up a bit to meet it. Return to position and repeat with the
other knee. They don’t need to fully touch, but aim to get as close as
onto full crunches and full sit-ups.
pros, try and challenge yourself to do full sit-ups without putting your arms
behind your head.
This exercise folds your back a bit, so if you have weak bones or joints, don’t
sit up, just lift your legs without raising your bum off the ground and draw
your knee towards your chin.
do them? Squats exercise your legs and back, giving you full rear chain
strength and making walking and lifting things easier.
beginners, take a house squat position. This is where you stop before your
thighs are horizontal.
onto squats below horizontal.
pros, try squatting as close to the floor as you can, and practice with your
feet closer together and further apart, to develop balance.
This exercise is challenging to your hips. If you have hip or knee problems,
stick with house squats.
do them? Pushups exercise your chest and abdomen, making you more able to move
yourself around and carry weight.
beginners, start using a sturdy table or shelf at about chest height to
support your hands and pushing away from it. You can also rest on your knees
instead of your toes as you push up.
onto full, extended pushups from the floor.
pros, try and push yourself off the ground as you complete a pushup, or even to
clap in between them.
Pushups are very hard on your wrists and hands. If you have arthritis in your
wrists and hands pushups are not advised.
do them? Dips strengthen your back and triceps, making your balance better and
your posture more comfortable.
beginners, pick a sturdy chair and sit on the ground with your back to
it. Put your hands on the back of the chair and lift your weight up into your
feet, so you’re squatting. Put as much weight as you can into your hands and
try and use your arms to move your body up and down.
onto putting as much body weight as possible into every dip.
pros, try and fold your legs so they come right off the ground as you do your
This exercise is not good if you aren’t flexible. Try and stretch your arms and
shoulders over a few weeks to ensure you are flexible and comfortable before
attempting this exercise.
do it? Stepping is a great way to do some cardio without putting much pressure
on your body, or using a machine.
beginners, just try walking up and down steps slowly, putting all your weight
into the supporting leg.
onto moving faster.
pros, try sprinting up and down stairs, or skipping every other step so your
strides are longer.
Stepping can be challenging for people who don’t have a good sense of balance.
Use a railing if you feel unsteady.