The Difference in Type I and Type 2 Diabetes and How Insulin Plays a
Type I diabetes was once called juvenile diabetes. This is because the
majority of cases diagnosed were found in young adults and children. It is also
possible to develop type I diabetes later in life. With a type I diabetes
assessment, your body does not produce enough of the hormone called insulin.
Without healthy levels of insulin, your body cannot process glucose properly.
Glucose is used as energy for your body. When it is stored away as fat
rather than funneled to the parts of your body which require it for fuel (which
happens in a diabetic state), you lose energy, become fatigued, and develop
overweight or obesity. This leads to a number of health conditions. Since your
body can’t produce enough insulin for you to use glucose efficiently, you need
to take insulin from an outside source.
With type 2 diabetes, you may be producing enough insulin. However, due
to certain physiological processes not working properly, your blood glucose
levels are persistently high. An unhealthy diet and little physical activity
are two lifestyle choices that can lead to high glucose levels. Your body is
making enough insulin to handle normal levels of glucose, but you are
bombarding your system with too much glucose, and your insulin can’t keep up.
With many cases of type 2 diabetes,
increasing regular physical activity and making dietary changes is enough to
bring your blood glucose back to a normal level.
This is why insulin injections are not always required with type 2
diabetes. When the condition is diagnosed early, simple oral medications and a
smart diet, accompanied with regular physical activity, is often a successful
protocol for beating diabetes.
Regular Testing Can Reveal Prediabetes
Another point that needs to be made here is the fact that in almost
every instance prediabetes occurs before type 2 diabetes. If you ask your
doctor every year or two to check for prediabetes, you may never have to deal
with the more serious and dangerous type 2 diagnosis. Prediabetes is a sign of
things to come if you don’t make lifestyle changes, and making those changes
usually keeps diabetes from developing.
In some cases, with type 2 diabetes you may decide to use insulin. This
is because if your glucose level spikes dramatically and quickly, insulin is
much faster at returning your blood sugar level to a healthy range than diet
and exercise. Smart nutrition and physical activity form a lifestyle plan for
beating prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, but when a dangerous spike in blood
sugar is experienced, an injection of insulin is sometimes required.
There is another reason type 2 diabetes sufferers may decide to take
insulin. Diabetes medications can be expensive. If they are not covered by your
insurance, insulin could be a much cheaper option for getting your blood sugar